In my Bible Psalm 110 is designated – “Of David”. Scholars tell us that this is a “Royal Psalm”, perhaps written for a Coronation – verses 1-4, or some other important Royal occasion. It is also perceived as pointing to God’s coming King – the Christ. Verse 1 is quoted more often than any other Old Testament saying by the New Testament writers, who identify this “King” with Jesus the Messiah! For example, we read in Matthew 22 v.44 when Jesus had been speaking with the Sadducees and Pharisees saying, “The Lord said to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand until I put my enemies under your feet!”
Jesus and the apostle Peter both stated that David wrote this Psalm – see Matthew 22 v.43, Mark 12 v.36, and Luke 20 v.42. Furthermore Psalm 110 introduces us to two “pictures” of the Messiah from the past – His exaltation as King (vv 1-3), and His consecration as Priest (v.4) and a third picture from the future – His victory over the enemies of God – vv 5-7! The central verse of the Psalm “announces” that the Messiah will also be a Priest – something unheard of in Old Testament History. This verse is important to the message of the Book of Hebrews – Heb.5 v.6, 10, 10 v.20, 7 v.17 and 21, Rom. 8 v.34, because the High Priestly Ministry of Christ in heaven is described in that very Book! If Jesus were here on earth, He could not minister as a Priest because He was from the Tribe of Judah and not from the Tribe of Levi! However, because His Priesthood is “after the order of Melchizedek”, who was both a King and a Priest, (Gen. 14 vv. 18-24), He can minister in heaven today! His throne is a Throne of Grace to which we may come at any time in order to find the help that we need – Heb. 4 vv. 14-16.
Dear Father God, I am amazed that Psalm 110 links with so much of what we know already from your Word to us. Help me please to learn more of your love and grace, for the sake of Jesus, Amen.